Minakari is the art of painting, coloring, and ornamenting the surface of metals by fusing brilliant colors on a metal surface that are decorated in an intricate design.
The art of Minakari or enamelling is called miniature of fire as well as the decoration of metal and tile with Mina glaze. Mina is the feminine form of Minoo in Persian, meaning heaven. Mina refers to the Azure color of heaven.
The Iranian craftsmen of Sassanid era invented this art and Mongols spread it to India and other countries. French tourist, Jean Chardin, who toured Iran during the Safavid rule, made a reference to an enamel work of Isfahan, which comprised a pattern of birds and animals on a floral background in light blue, green, yellow and red.
Some experts link the historicity of enamelling in Iran to the Arsacides and Sassanid periods.
Fine silver is used in almost all enameling because the enamel (glass) melts and sticks best to pure metal. In simple words, enameling is the process of making metallic models (fine silver usually) and then melting various colors and types of glass on to the model to create an objet d’art.